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ניתן יהיה לשוב ולבצע פעולות אלו ב- 25/11

1839 Census of Eretz Israel & 1840 Census of Alexו-ria

Introduction to the 1839 Census
The digitization ו- translation of the 1839 census of Eretz Israel Jewish population is based upon the publication of A Census of the Jews of Eretz Israel (1839) published in 1987 by the Dinur Center the Hebrew University[1].  The use of Excel for the basis of the transliteration allows, in addition to the database, a demographic analysis of the population by many parameters, giving a comprehensive picture of the Jewish population in Eretz Israel ו- immigration from various countries to Eretz Israel.[2]
Due to the format of listing the members of a whole family in one line (usually), most of the “missing information” pertains to married women.  The wives are not listed, but “inferred” in the 1839 census because the head of the family unit is listed as being “married”. In the other censuses the name of the wife is usually given. 

Distribution of Population by Family Status ו- Gender of 1839 Census[3]
Family Status#Sub-totalFamily Status#Sub-total
male head of household1847 male child882 
male engaged01847stepson4 
wife1658 grו-son6 
widows971 male orphan2941186
female engaged1 female child671 
female divorced3 step daughter8 
female deserted1 grו- daughter2 
mother7 female orphan145826
elderly mother3 child (gender not stated)35 
mother-in-law62650orphan (gender not stated)2661
   TOTAL 6571

 

Distribution of Places of Birth by Geographic Bloc in 1839 Census [4]
Eastern Europe Communities437
Eretz Israel816
Mediterranean Basin Communities1298
Oriental Communities34
Western Europe Communities18
סך הכל2603

 

Distribution of Places of Birth by Country [5]
Country# of PeopleCountry# of PeopleCountry# of People
Algeria218Hungary1North Africa73
Austria6India3Polו-29
Belarus189Iran1Romania50
Bosnia30Iraq23Russia10
Bulgaria97Italy17Serbia17
Croatia2Kurdistan4Slovakia4
Egypt5Latvia3Syria95
Englו-1Lebanon51Tunisia12
Eretz Israel816Lithuania45Turkey363
France3Macedonia30Ukraine87
Germany4Moldava4Yemen3
Gibraltar1Morocco33  
Greece269Netherlו-s4סך הכל2603

 

Patterns of Settlement or Congregations
One of the advantages of a database is that it allows data mining, which enables the finding of information that isn’t seen by the naked eye reading a list of names of people in a book. Through analysis of the 1,787 people with places of birth outside of Eretz Israel the following pattern of settlement can be seen. The table is of groups of immigrants according to the listing of the place of birth ו- where they settled in Eretz Israel. The presentation of the information in this format enables the emergence of a pattern of settlement. The list includes only groups of least 13 people in the town. The choice of 13 was arbitrary, in that it is greater than the number of people needed for a miyan, ו- even if one to three of the 13 were widows or orphans under the age of 13, the group would still have had a miyan in which they could pray according to their own customs.

Patterns of Settlement
Country
of Birth
TownKollel# of
people
Country
of Birth
TownKollel# of
people
AlgeriaAcreSephardim14MacedoniaJerusalemSephardim30
HaifaSephardim21MoroccoSafedSephardim12
SafedSephardim102North AfricaJerusalemSephardim54
TiberiasSephardim58RomaniaSafedHassidim28
BelarusHebronHabad35SerbiaJerusalemSephardim17
JerusalemPrushim118SyriaJerusalemSephardim35
TiberiasRussia19NablousSephardim22
BosniaJerusalemSephardim21SafedSephardim14
BulgariaJerusalemSephardim89TurkeyHebronSephardim15
GreeceJerusalemSephardim247JerusalemSephardim331
ItalySafedSephardim14UkraineSafedHassidim28
LebanonSidonSephardim51TiberiasVolin24
LithuaniaJerusalemPrushim41    

1840 Census of Alexו-ria
From the documents available, it seems to be the only commissioned by Montefiore outside of the administrative Ottoman boundaries of Eretz Israel[6], although the city of Sidon in Lebanon was included in the 1839 census of Eretz Israel. The reason ל- being that many Jews from Safed found refuge there after the 1837 earthquake that destroyed the city. 
The information collected on the residents of Alexו-ria is similar to that of the 1839 census of Eretz Israel. An outstו-ing difference is the registering of the age, which for the majority ends with a 5 or a 0. In the Eretz Israel census the ages registered seem to be more specific.
 
The population of Alexו-ria is more homogenous than any of the cities of Eretz Israel. All of the residents are Sephardim, with most of them born in Alexו-ria. A few of the residents were born in Safed, Sidon, Thessaloniki, Tripoli ו- Morocco. But since the place of birth is only given for the head of the household it is hard to give exact numbers for those born outside of Alexו-ria. An in-depth analysis of this census can be found at:
 http://www.nebidaniel.org/documents/E-MONTEFIORE_CENSUS.doc
 
Project Coordinators: Mathilde A. Tager, Rose A. Feldman, Billie Stein
Dec 2008 

[1] A Census of the Jews of Eretz Israel (1839): (MS. MONTEFIORE 528), Jerusalem, The Dinur Center, The Hebrew University (Hebrew).

[2]  Hollingsworth, T. H. (1969) Historical Demography, London.

[3] Feldman, R.A., (2008). A new look the 1839 Montefiore census of Eretz Israel. Shemot, 16, (2), 13-16.

[4] Feldman
[5] Feldman
[6]  http://www.nebidaniel.org/documents/E-MONTEFIORE_CENSUS.doc

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